L.E.D - Local Economic Development
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Carolyne Adhiambo Ngara : No Sex for Fish - Jaboya Mitigation Project

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Group Members: Carolyne Ngara Kenya), Zablon Oirere Obondi (Kenya), Naw Ja Ding Rin (Myanmar), Priscila Zuniga (Costa Rica), Winifred Oyekunle (Nigeria), Flora Kiiza (Uganda) Today, Homa Bay County is a well known HIV/AIDS epicentre in Kenya. This is partly due to the current ‘Sex for Fish’ epidemic. Along the shores of Lake Victoria in Homa Bay County, Kenya, fishing boats stop at various fishing beaches every day, making the fishing industry the primary source of employment for men and women in the surrounding communities. At the beaches, a pervasive practice of ‘Jaboya’ is taking root. “Sex for Fish” or "Fish for Sex" - popularly referred to as ‘Jaboya system’ is a phenomenon in which female fishmongers trade sex with fishermen to secure their fish supply. ‘Jaboya’ means ‘customer’. However, due to the transactional nature of fishermen with these women, the locals coined the term ‘Jaboya system’ to refer to the pandemic ‘sex for fish’ practice. The cycle of poverty, traditional beliefs, cultural practices and vulnerability pressurizes women into having sex with the fishermen for fish supply. The also older women introduce their younger daughters or orphaned girls to ‘sex for fish’ trade. In return the young girls sleep with multiple fishermen who offer the best thus exposing them to STI’s and HIV/AIDS. The proposed project is very urgent in order to mitigate these ill practices and the spread of HIV/AIDS in Homa Bay County of Kenya, by making women economically sufficient.

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